This permanent residence card allows an investor to live and do business in the United States of America in exchange for a substantial investment (minimum recommended threshold is US $150,000). This investment must be in an enterprise of which 50% is owned by the investor.

  • Fast processing of 3 months
  • Once obtained no need to spend any minimum time in the USA
  • Active management of business is not required
  • Investor’s spouse and dependent children under 21 years old can be included
  • Family can live and work anywhere in the USA, it does not have to be in the same Estate where business is
  • Investor’s spouse can also apply to work anywhere in the USA
  • Time of validity varies depending on the country of treaty – generally validity is of 5 years but can be renewed unlimited times
  • Can be renewed if the company still qualifies as an E-2 company. As such, a foreign investor can remain in the United States their entire career without any upward limits
  • Free high school education for children in the USA and in state college tuition rates apply
  • Tax advantages - as a nonimmigrant resident if main applicant spends no more than 122 days per year in the USA no tax on worldwide income applies
  • E-2 does not directly lead to a “Green Card.”
  • E-2 may be converted to EB-5 to apply for citizenship over the course of time if the investment amount is increased to match EB-5 requirements.

E-2 Visa Requirements (Investment)

The E-2 nonimmigrant classification allows a national of a treaty country (a country with which the United States maintains a treaty of commerce and navigation, or with which the United States maintains a qualifying international agreement) to be admitted to the United States when investing a substantial amount of capital in a U.S. business. The investment used to qualify for an E2 visa must be in an active and operating business that requires people to work in the business.

Approximate investment required
USD 150,000 to USD 300,000


Funds could be placed into a special escrow account only to be transferred if the E2 visa is granted. Escrow account arrangements are more likely to be relevant if you are buying an existing business instead of starting a new business. In such a situation the seller of the business could agree for money to be held in an escrow account.